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3. Surgical Instruments


a. General. Impacted teeth are those that are so located and inclined within bone that they fail to erupt and cannot erupt normally. Impacted teeth may be completely embedded or partially erupted. Mandibular third molars (wisdom teeth) are the most commonly impacted teeth. Impaction of other teeth may occur, with the maxillary third molars and cuspids most frequently observed. Supernumerary teeth, retained roots, and foreign bodies embedded in the jaws present problems of location and removal similar to those encountered with impacted teeth. Surgical extraction involving bone removal is often necessary.

b. Instrument Setup. The instrument setup for the removal of impacted teeth is similar to that for surgical extraction and bone removal.

David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015