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2. Restorative Instruments

2-12. INSTRUMENTS USED IN FILLING PREPARED CAVITIES

a. Spatula.

(1) Cement spatulas (figure 2-14). Cement spatula Number 324 is used to mix and handle cements. Stainless steel spatulas are used to mix various dental cements and IRM, but not with silicate cements. The plastic spatula should be used for silicate cements.

Figure 2-14. Stainless steel spatula.

(2) Wax spatulas (figure 2-15). Wax spatulas, Beale Number 7, and Gritman Number 31, when heated, are used for the manipulation of wax.

Figure 2-15. Wax spatulas.

b. Cement Placing and Plugging Instruments. These placing and plugging instruments (figure 2-16) are used to carry and pack cement into place in the prepared cavity. Stainless steel pluggers such as Gregg Numbers 2 and 3, Ladmore and Woodson Numbers. 1, 2, and 3 are used with any cement except silicate cement. The chrome-cobalt stellite instruments numbers 1-2 and numbers 5-7 are used with various dental cements. The instrument used will depend on the dentist's preference.

c. Dycal Instrument. This instrument is supplied by the manufacturer with the Dycal kit. It is used to place the Dycal base material.

Figure 2-16. Placing and plugging instruments.

d. Amalgam Carrier. Amalgam carriers (figure 2-17) are used to carry silver amalgam into place in the prepared cavities. The standard item of issue for the Army is the Ivory type.

Figure 2-17. Amalgam carrier.

e. Amalgamator. Amalgamators are used to mix silver alloy and mercury for silver amalgam restorations. They are activated by electric motors.

f. Amalgam Pluggers. Amalgam pluggers (figure 2-18) are used to condense amalgam in a cavity preparation. These include black pluggers 1 through 5.

Figure 2-18. Amalgam pluggers.


David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015