Lesson 4
Leveling and Grading

This lesson describes the common types of leveling instruments. It also describes their principles, uses, procedures of establishing elevations, and techniques of laying outbuilding lines. As a builder, you will find the information especially useful in performing such duties as setting up a level, reading a leveling rod, interpreting and setting grade stakes, and setting batterboards. Also included in this lesson are practices and measures that help prevent slides and cave-ins at excavation sites, and the procedures for computing volume of land mass.

4-1    Levels

4-2    Leveling Rods

4-3    Building Layout


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