A basic knowledge of clinical laboratory procedures is critical for all medical technologists, particularly those working at small clinics without the supervision of a physician. A patientís complaint may be of little value by itself, but coupled with the findings of a few easily completed laboratory studies, a diagnosis can usually be surmised and treatment initiated.
medical technologists who can perform blood and urine tests and interpret the results are better equipped to determine the cause of illness or request assistance. Since they can provide a more complete clinical picture to the physician, their patients can be treated sooner.
In this chapter, we will discuss laboratory administrative responsibilities, ethics in the laboratory, the microscope, blood collection techniques, and step-by-step procedures for a complete blood count and urinalysis. Also included are basic testing procedures for bacteriologic, serologic, and fungal identification.