Elements of Organic Chemistry
Ketones result from the oxidation of a secondary alcohol
and have the general structural formula where R and R' can be the same or
different hydrocarbon groups.
- Ketones are similar to aldehydes in their boiling points,
which are lower than those of corresponding alcohols and carboxylic acids.
- Ketones are neutral compounds, being neither acids nor
bases. They undergo the process of reduction, by which they are converted to secondary
- The ketone functional group appears in the structure of many
complex drugs, such as steroid compounds and vitamins. Simple ketones, with the exception
of acetone, are seldom used. Acetone is used as a solvent and cleaning fluid.