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Surgery encompasses all elements in the scientific care of surgical patients. The operation is the focal point for these patients. It is imperative that the patient comes to the operating room (OR) optimally prepared physically and emotionally before performance of an operative procedure. The persons concerned with and/or contributing to surgical patient care are many. The practical nurse shares a special experience with the patient at this time of great stress and need in his life. Their relationship encompasses feelings, attitudes, and behavior approaches. The nurse's first objective is to promote and establish a meaningful, therapeutic relationship, enabling the provision of individualized care. He, then, is to provide the perioperative nursing care that is required for the safest possible care of the patient and production of a favorable surgical outcome.


Lesson 1 Preoperative Care of the Surgical Patient

1-1 General

1-2 Definitions

1-3 Prepoerative Phase

1-4 Surgical Experience

1-5 Preoperative Teaching Principles

1-6 Nursing Implications for Preparing a Patient for Surgery

1-7 The Morning of Surgery

Exercises for Lesson 1

Lesson 2 Operating Room Care of the Surgical Patient

2-1 Introduction

2-2 The Surgical Team

2-3 The Anesthetic Agent

2-4 Reasons for Surgery

Exercises for Lesson 2

Lesson 3 Recovery Room Care of the Surgical Patient

3-1. Introduction

3-2. Facts About the Recovery Room

3-3. Complications to be Prevented for the Surgical Patient in the Recovery Room

3-4. Nursing Care of a Surgical Patient

3-5. Administering Oral/Nasal Suctioning to the Recovery Room Patient

3-6. Administering Endotracheal Suctioning

Exercises for Lesson 3

Lesson 4 Postoperative Care of the Surgical Patient

4-1 Introduction

4-2 Effects of  Anesthesia on Major Body Systems

4-3 Effects of Surgery on the Integumentary System

4-4 Nursing Implications by Body Systems of a  Postoperative Patient

4-5 General Nursing Implications for the Postoperative Patient

Exercises for Lesson 4

David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015