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Exercises for Lesson 2

1. The normal range of specific gravity in urine is:

a. 0.950 to 1.050
b. 1.000 to 1.200.
c. 1.010 to 1.025
d. 1.200 to 1.500

2. Diabetes insipidus is indicated by:

a. Large volumes of urine with low specific gravity.
b. Small volumes of urine with high specific gravity.
c. Moderate volumes of urine with a fixed low specific gravity.

3. The pH of urine as the amount of sodium maintained by the body increases.

a. Increases.
b. Decreases

4. A patient is on a high protein diet. You would expect the pH of his urine to be

a. Neutral.
b. More acid than normal.
c. More alkaline than normal.

5. The enzymatic glucose oxidase tests, as applied to urine, detect lactose, fructose, galactose, and pentose.

a. Will.
b. Will not.

6. The presence of keytones in the patient's urine may indicate diabetes meliltus.

a. True.
b. False.

7. The most likely cause of red blood cells in the urine is:

a. Diabetes insipidus.
b. Diabetes meliltus.
c. Bleeding in the urinary tract.
d. Hepatocellular disease.

8. Bilirubin excretion in the urine in significant levels usually indicates disease of the:

a. Bladder.
b. Intestines.
c. Kidneys.
d. Liver.

9. Which of the following is correct concerning a nitrite test for bacteriuria?

a. A positive test result indicates significant bacteriuria. A negative test result should be interpreted as indicating an absence an absence of bacteriuria.
b. A positive test result indicates significant bacteriuria. A negative test result, however, should not be interpreted as indicating an absence an absence of bacteriuria.
c. A negative test result indicates significant bacteriuria. A positive test result should be interpreted as indicating an absence an absence of bacteriuria.
d. A negative test result indicates significant bacteriuria. A positive test result, however, should not be interpreted as indicating an absence an absence of bacteriuria.

Answers to Exercises for Lesson 2

1. c
2. a
3. b
4. b
5. b
6. a
7. c
8. d
9. b

David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015