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Exercises for Lesson 1

1. The _____ and its parts make up the external genitalia.

2. Complete the following sentences which deal with the female external genitalia.

a. Elevated, fatty tissue covered with coarse pubic hair is over the symphysis pubis. This tissue is called the _____.

b. The large, longitudinal folds of skin and fatty tissue which extend back from the mons pubis to the anus are termed the _____.

c. The labia minora is composed of _____.

d. The small projection of sensitive, erectile tissue which corresponds to the male penis is the _____.

e. The small opening of the urethra located between the clitoris and the vagina is the _____.

f. The opening to the vagina from the outside is the _____.

g. Bartholin's glands are _____

h. The area between the vaginal orifice and the anus is the _____.

3. List three functions of the uterus.

4. The uterine tubes are also called the and the _____.

5. Three functions of the ovaries are to _____, _____, and _____.

6. To which male gland do the ovaries correspond?

7. Progesterone, estrogens, and relaxin are female sex hormones secreted by the _____

8. List three functions of the vagina.

9. The male organ of copulation and urination is the _____.

10. List the eight parts of the internal genitalia of the male.

11. In males, sperm is produced in the by a process called _____.

12. Sperm mature and are stored in the _____.

13. The tubes at the tail of the epididymis tubes, less coiled and wider, are known as the or the tubes. These tubes store sperm and propel them to the urethra during _____.

14. Fluid secreted by the seminal vesicles contains sugar and _____.  These substances help sperm move to the _____ where fertilization takes place.

15. The ejaculatory duct is a passageway for both _____ and _____.

16. The _____ gland secretes a highly alkaline fluid which protects sperm in the urethra and vagina.

17. The glands, pea-sized glands located on either side of the urethra, secrete a lubricating substance that helps sperm on its way.

18. The joining of a sperm and an ovum is called _____.

19. The new cell that is formed when an ovum and a sperm join is called a _____.

20. An enzyme called _____ makes the ovum surface more permeable so that a sperm can penetrate the ovum.

21. About seven days after an ovum has been fertilized, it becomes imbedded in the wall of the _____. This event of pregnancy is called _____.

22. _____ is the name for the growing and developing organism from the time of implantation through the end of the eighth week after fertilization.

23. The name for the growing and developing being from the beginning of the ninth week until delivery is _____.

24. The _____ connects the fetus and the placenta.

25. The organ which brings nourishment to the fetus and carries away fetal excretions is the _____.

26. The period of time between conception (the sperm joins an ovum) and the birth of a child is termed _____.

27. _____ is another name for childbirth.


Solutions to Exercises for Lesson 2

1. Vulva.
2. a. Mons pubis.
    b. Labia majora.
    c. The two folds of skin lying within the labia majora and enclosing the vestibule
    d. Clitoris.
    e. Urinary meatus.
    f. Vaginal orifice.
    g. The bean-shaped glands on each side of the vaginal orifice.
    h. Perineum.
3. a. Hold the fertilized ovum during pregnancy.
b. Produce contractions during the birth process.
c. Expel its fluid contents during menstruation.
4. The fallopian tubes. The oviducts.
5. a. Produce ova.
    b. Discharge ova.
    c. Secrete female sex hormones.
6. The testes.
7. Ovaries.
8. a. Passageway for menstrual flow.
    b. Receives seminal fluid from the male.
    c. Serves as the lower part of the birth canal.
9. Penis.
10.a. Testes.
    e. Ejaculatory duct.
    b. Epididymis.
    f. Prostate gland.
    c. Ductus (vas) deferens.
    g. Bulbourethral glands.
    d. Seminal vesicles.
    h. Urethra.
11. Seminiferous tubules. Spermatogenesis.
12. Epididymis tubes.
13. Ductus deferens or vas deferens. Ejaculation.
14. Fructose. Prostaglandins. Uterine tubes.
15. Sperm. Seminal vesicle fluid.
16. Prostate.
17. Bulbourethral.
18. Fertilization.
19. Zygote.
20. Hyaluronidase.
21. Uterus. Implantation.
22. Embryo.
23. Fetus.
24. Umbilical cord
25. Placenta.
26. Gestation.
27. Parturition.

David L. Heiserman, Editor

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Revised: June 06, 2015