6-2 Exercises for Lesson 6

1. As a practical nurse who may be called upon to assist the health care provider

during a physical examination, you should know the basics of the examination in

order to ____________________________________________ and so that you

may ____________________________________________________________.

2. Two purposes for performing the physical examination are

a. __________________________________________________ and

b. __________________________________________________.

3. You should have the patient void into a urine specimen cup in order to

______________________________ and to ____________________________.

4. If a male is examining a female, or vice versa, you should ___________________

to protect the patient, the health care provider, and the hospital or clinic.

5. You should ______________________________ if the patient has a draining

wound, is bleeding, is vomiting, or has an infection.

6. You should __________________________________________ because the

physician needs to know the information that has been obtained through the nursing

observations and lab reports.

7. To provide continuing privacy for the patient, be sure to ___________________

each time the patient assumes a different position during the examination.

8. The health care providers who could perform the physical examination are the

________________, ____________________ or __________________________.

9. Four body systems that the health care provider would usually examine during a

physical examination are:

a. ____________________________________________.

b. ____________________________________________.

c. ____________________________________________.

d. ____________________________________________.

10. When restraining a child during the physical examination, you should:

a. Hold the child's arms above his head with one hand and hold his feet at the

ankles with your other hand.

b. Stand on the opposite side of the table from the examiner.

c. Place the child's arms alongside his body and wrap him in a sheet or blanket.

d. All of the above.

11. Physiological measurements, which are routinely made, are the patient's

__________ , ______________________ , _______________________ ,

and ________________________________and lab test such as

______________________________ , _________________________ , and


12. The purposes for draping the patient during physical examination are to

_______________________________, to _______________________________,

and to _____________________________________.

13. Factors that indicate the patient's need for assistance are __________________ ,

______________________________, _________________________________ ,

and _________________________________________.


Answers to Exercises for Lesson 6

1. Have the appropriate equipment and supplies on hand;

place the patient in the proper position and drape him correctly.

2. Any two of these are correct:

To determine the patient's level of health or psychological function.

To arrive at a tentative diagnosis.

To confirm a diagnosis.

To evaluate the effectiveness of prescribed medical treatment and therapy.

3. Empty the bladder;

obtain a urine specimen for urinalysis.

4. Stay in the room.

5. Wear gloves.

6. Have the patient's chart available.

7. Adjust the drapes.

8. Physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant.

9. Any four of the following are correct:



Eyes, ears, nose, and throat.







10. d

11. Vital signs, blood pressure, height, and weight;

CBC with differential, urinalysis, and electrolytes.

12. Prevent unnecessary exposure, help the patient relax, prevent chilling.

13. Age; level of understanding; ability to move; state of health.

End of Lesson 6

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