5.2 Exercises for Lesson 5

One of the most important aspects of patient care is __________________ _____________________________________. Electrical appliances should be used for ______________________________ only. Before use _________ all small appliances to see that they are in good working order. When removing an electrical plug from a wall socket, grasp ________________ Kinking an electric cord may cause __________________________________. If an appliance overheats, produces a shock, or gives off an odor while being used, _________________________________________________________. Health care personnel should be trained and drilled in: _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________.

If a patient is receiving oxygen as part of his treatment, be sure that he, his roommates, and visitors know that _______________is prohibited. If a fire occurs, hospital personnel should turn off __________, ___________, and _______________________________ in the vicinity of the fire. If a fire occurs, you should notify the ___________________ of the location of the fire and______________________ to direct the fire department. Safety measures which pertain to the patient care environment include identifying ___________________________________________________________. Patients at special risk for injury include: _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________.

To prevent falls, you should place the bed in the ________, position and keep the ___________ up. To prevent falls, you should ensure that ___________________or _________ are affixed to the bottom of bathtubs and shower floors. Some health care facilities require a _______________________ for use of protective restraints. Because movement is essential to the patient's well being, you should use the ________________________ type of restraint, which will protect the patient. You should apply a protective restraint for the _________________ amount of time necessary. When using protective restraints, provide as much movement as possible. The _________________________ protects the patient from falling out of bed but still allows the patient to change positions. If leg restraints are necessary to protect the patient, you should use __________ ________________ also. Two methods are used to reduce or eliminate the presence of microorganisms and thus prevent infections. These two methods are: __________________________. __________________________.

_________________________ refers to the practice that eliminates the presence of all microorganisms. _________________________ refers to the practices that help reduce the number and inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Infections and infectious diseases begin in a ___________________and moves full circle to a ___________________________ Portals of entry for microorganisms that cause infections and infectious diseases include: _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________. _________________________________.

25. It is important that the nurse teach patients about surgical and medical asepsis. When doing so, you should: a.____________________________________________.

b.____________________________________________. c.____________________________________________.

Answers to Exercises for Lesson 5

To ensure safety for each patient. (para 6-1) The intended purpose. (para 6-2a) Test. (para 6-2c) The plug. (para 6-2d) The fine wires inside the cord to break. (para 6-2f) Remove the appliance from the area. (para 6-2g) Fire prevention. Location and use of fire alarms. Location and use of fire extinguishers. Location of emergency exits. Evacuation procedures. (paras 6-3a(1)--(5)) Smoking. (para 6-3b) Oxygen, lights, any electrical equipment. (para 6-3c(2)) Switchboard, post a guard. (paras 6-3c(4), (8)) Patients at risk for injury. (para 6-4a) Elderly or confused patients. Patients with impaired vision or hearing. Patients with impaired mobility. Patients with a history of falls. Patients with a history of substance abuse. Patients receiving medications that interfere with reasoning or motor functions. (paras 6-4a(1)--(6)) Low, side rails. (paras 6-4c(1), (2)) Nonskid strips, mats. (para 6-4c(4)) A doctor's order. (para 6-4d(1)) Least restrictive. (para 6-4d(2)) Shortest. (para 6-4d(3)) Waist restraint. (para 6-4d(4)) Arm restraints. (para 6-4d(5)) Surgical asepsis. Medical asepsis. (paras 6-4f(1). (2)) Surgical asepsis. (para 6-4f(2)(a)) Medical asepsis. (para 6-4f(2)(b)) Reservoir, susceptible host. (para 6-4f(3)) Break in skin. Mucous membranes. The mouth. The nose. The genitourinary tract. (para 6-4f(3)(d)) Observe the patient to identify areas where instruction would be helpful in controlling the spread of infection.

End of Lesson 5

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