1.5 Exercises for Lesson 1

1.   Health can be defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and well-being, not merely the absence of disease or

2.   Total health includes the following aspects:

a.  health.
b.  health.
c.    health.
d.  health.

3.   An individual experiences various states of health and illness that fluctuate throughout his life.  This is referred to as the health-illness

4.   It is our   or to change (rather than the change itself) that affects our health.

5.   The individual's state of health is determined by the ability to adapt to changes in which dimensions?

a. _____


c. _____

d. _____

6.   What are the three main categories of basic human needs?

a.    _____ needs.

b.    _____ needs.

c.     _____  needs

7.   Name three physical needs.

a.   _____

b.   _____

c.   _____

8.   Name two emotional needs.

a.   _____

b.   _____

9.   Name two social needs.

a.   _____

b.   _____

10.    Name the six categories contained in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

a.   _____

b.   _____

c.   _____

d..   _____

e..   _____

f.  .   _____

11.    The major purpose of communication is to send, receive, interpret, and appropriately and clearly to a message, an  of information.

12.    The means of transmitting an idea is called the .   _____

13.    The response to a message is called

14.    Rapport is the harmonious feeling experienced by two people who hold one another in mutual respect, acceptance, and  

15.    If you must ask a patient a personal or embarrassing question, explain     and keep it short and matter-of-fact.

16.    When speaking to a patient, is it best to sit or stand?  

17.    If you have three questions to ask your patient, is it better to ask all three of the questions and then let him answer or to ask him one question at a time?

18.    If you use the technique of reflection during an interview, you might reflect on what the patient has actually said or on what you think the patient is   .

19.    An occasional brief response during an interview, such as a nod of the head or saying "I see" is called   .

20.    If you find that your needs conflict with those of your patient's, what should you do?     .

21.    When you enter the room of a patient who is blind, what is the first thing you should do? .

22.    Before touching a patient who is blind, be sure to

23.    Do not cover your mouth when you are speaking with a patient who is deaf because he/she may   .

24.    If you need a translator in order to communicate with a patient who speaks a foreign language, you may find assistance at   or

25.    Name two factors, which influence whether a person will seek or avoid professional help.

a.  _____

b.  _____

26.    Name three factors, which cause stress to hospitalized patients.

a.  _____

b.  _____

c.  _____

27. In the first stage of illness, the patient may refuse to get the care, which he needs. What is the name of this stage?

28. In the second stage of illness, the patient focuses his attention on his symptoms and his illness and often feels dependent on health care personnel. What is this stage called?

29. In the third and final stage of illness, the patient "learns to live with" his perceived loss or impairment of function. What is the name of this stage of illness?

30.    Name three common emotional reactions to illness and hospitalization.

a.  _____

b.  _____

c.  _____

31.    What is the term used to describe a state of alertness and readiness for action in order to avoid or escape harm?

32.    Does a person experiencing anxiety generally know why he is feeling anxious?

33.    Name four common physiologic symptoms of anxiety.

a.  _____

b.  _____

c.  _____

a.  _____

34.    Stress may be experienced as a result of a situation, which requires an increased, and often effort to adjust.

35.    If you are facing an unpleasant experience, and there is nothing you can do to change the situation, you may experience feelings of .

36. What is one thing that all aspects of trans-cultural nursing must have in common?

37. Name two disorders, which are specific to cultural groups.

a.  _____

b.  _____

38. A traditional belief of the Japanese Shintoist is that illness is a result of contact with .

39. Native Americans view a person's health in terms of his relationship with nature and the

40. What is the name of the 40-day period (from Ash Wednesday to Easter) in which many Catholics abstain from or restrict their intake of meat?

Answers to Exercises for Lesson 1

1.   Social, infirmity.

2.   Social. Mental. Emotional.
Spiritual.  (paras 1-2b(1)--(4))

3. Continuum. (para 1-3a)

4. Adaptation, response. (para 1-3b)

5. Developmental. Psychosocial. Cultural.
Physiological.  (paras 1-4a--d)

6. Physical. Emotional.
Social.  (paras 1-6a--c)
7. A correct answer consists of any three of the following: Food.
Water. Oxygen. Elimination.
Clothing and shelter.
Activity or sensory and motor stimulation.  (paras 1-6a(1)--6))
8. A correct answer consists of any two of the following: Love.
Importance. Adequacy.
Productivity.  (paras 1-6b(1)--(4))
9. A correct answer consists of any two of the following: Identification or belonging.
Education or learning. Recreation or play.
Religion or worship.  (paras 1-6c(1)--(4))

10.    Physiological. Safety.
Love and belonging. Esteem and recognition. Self-actualization.
Aesthetic.  (paras 1-7a(1)--(6))

11.    Respond, interchange.

12.    Channel

13.    Feedback

14.    Undertaking. (para 1-14a)

15.   Why.

16.  Sit.

17.  One question at a time.

18.  Feeling.

19.  Facilitation.

20.  Find sources other than the therapeutic relationship to meet    your own needs.

21.  Speak to the patient so he will know who is there.

22.  Speak to the patient.

23.  Read lips.

24.  The Red Cross or the Patient Administration Division (PAD).

The degree and extent of symptom distress. Expectation of return to health if treatment is instituted. Fear of diagnostic and treatment procedures.
Fear of discovery of serious illness.
The self-concept that one is always healthy.  (paras 1-22a--e)

26.  A correct answer consists of any three of the following:

Unfamiliarity of surroundings. Loss of independence.
Separation from spouse. Separation from family. Financial problems.
Isolation from other people. Lack of information.
Threat of severe illness.
Problems with medications.

27.  Denial (or disbelief in being ill).

28.  Acceptance (of being ill).

29.  Recovery, rehabilitation, or convalescence.

30.  A correct answer consists of any three of the following: Fear.
Anxiety. Stress.
Over dependency or feelings of helplessness.  (para 1-25)

31.  "Fight or flight" reaction. (para 1-25a(4)(f)) 32. No. (para 1-25b(2))
33.  A correct answer consists of any four of the following:

Fatigue. Insomnia.
Diarrhea or constipation. Urgency.
Nausea. Anorexia.
Excessive perspiration.  (paras 1-25b(4)(a)--(g))

34.  Prolonged. (para 1-25c(2))

35.  Helplessness. (para 1-25d(2))

36.  Respect for the patient. (para 1-27)

37.  Tay-Sachs and sickle cell anemia. (para 1-29s)

38.  Pollutants (such as blood or a corpse). (para 1-30a(1)(b))

39.  Universe. (para 1-30a(2)(b))

40.    Lent. (para 1-31c(1)(f))

End of Lesson 1

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